Strategi Pengembangan Energi Terbarukan: Keterlibatan Stakeholder dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

Authors

  • Rahadiyand Aditya
  • Sulistyary Ardiyantika
  • Abdul Aziz
  • Anisul Fuad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31595/peksos.v21i2.723

Keywords:

Energi Terbarukan, Mikro Hidro, Strategi, Stakeholder, Kesejahteraan, Masyarakat

Abstract

The electrification rate in Indonesia has reached 98%, but most of it is still dominated by fossil energi and coal, whereas, in fact, the potential for renewable energi that is environmentally friendly has not been fully utilized. The micro hydro power plant in Andungbiru Village has been exploiting the natural potential since 1992 until now. Therefore, the researcher analyzes the renewable energi management strategy from the perspective of stakeholder involvement and the results it creates on the welfare of the community. This study uses a qualitative approach with data collection techniques using interviews, observation, and documentation. This study found that the concept of the quintuple helix is ​​found in the use of renewable energi. The role of the first helix is ​​the community as a driving force and initiator of the use of renewable energi. Furthermore, the role of the second helix is ​​for the private sector to encourage acceleration and acceleration in the process of utilizing renewable energi by providing financial assistance to maximize the potential for water flow and the development of the number of generating units. Furthermore, the role of the third helix is ​​academics who act as designers and experts in planning and technical development of the use of new and renewable energi. The fourth helix is ​​nature, where the natural potential in the form of a steady stream of water can be utilized properly. The fifth helix is ​​the government, the role of the government is to encourage the creation of legality for existing social-community groups, while also providing some training and improving the skills possessed by the community. Furthermore, the results of this study are that there are three major benefits from the derivative activities of utilizingthe natural potential for renewable energi, namely: 1) sufficient electricity needs of the community, 2) development of planting and livestock skills. 3) increasing knowledge of coffee cultivation and diversification

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adams, V. M., Moon, K., Álvarez-Romero, J. G., Bodin, Ö., Spencer, M., & Blackman, D. (2018). Using Multiple Methods to Understand the Nature of Relationships in Social Networks. Society and Natural Resources, 31(7), 755–772. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2018.1425514

Atahau, A. D. R., Sakti, I. M., Huruta, A. D., & Kim, M. S. (2021). Gender and renewable energi integration: The mediating role of green-microfinance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 318, 128536. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2021.128536

Biswas, W. K., Bryce, P., & Diesendorf, M. (2001). Model for empowering rural poor through renewable energi technologies in Bangladesh. Environmental Science and Policy, 4(6), 333–344. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1462-9011(01)00031-4

Bodin, Ö. (2017). Collaborative environmental governance: Achieving collective action in social-ecological systems. Science, 357(6352). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan1114

Boiral, O., & Heras-Saizarbitoria, I. (2017). Managing Biodiversity Through Stakeholder Involvement: Why, Who, and for What Initiatives? Journal of Business Ethics, 140(3), 403–421. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2668-3

Bungin, B. (2015). Analisis Data Penelitian Kualitatif Pemahaman Filosofis dan Metodologis Ke Arah Penguasaan Model Aplikasi. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Colvin, R. M., Witt, G. B., & Lacey, J. (2016). Approaches to identifying stakeholders in environmental management: Insights from practitioners to go beyond the “usual suspects.” Land Use Policy, 52, 266–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.12.032

Escandon-Barbosa, D., Urbano-Pulido, D., & Hurtado-Ayala, A. (2019). Exploring the relationship between formal and informal institutions, social capital, and entrepreneurial activity in developing and developed countries. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020550

G., C. E., D., B. T., & J., and C. D. F. (2012). The Quintuple Helix innovation model: global warming as a challenge and driver for innovation. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 1(2).

Gatto, A., & Drago, C. (2021). When renewable energi, empowerment, and entrepreneurship connect: Measuring energi policy effectiveness in 230 countries. Energi Research & Social Science, 78, 101977. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ERSS.2021.101977

Hakim, R. R. Al. (2020). Model Energi Indonesia, Tinjauan Potensi Energi Terbarukan untuk Ketahanan Energi di Indonesia: Sebuah Ulasan. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(1). http://jurnal.umitra.ac.id/index.php/ANDASIH/article/view/374

Hardani, D. N. K., Kurniawan, I. H., & Winarso, W. (2019). Wisata Edukasi Berbasis Energi Terbarukan Sel Surya. JPPM (Jurnal Pengabdian Dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat), 3(2), 245–252. https://doi.org/10.30595/JPPM.V3I2.5154

Jalaludin, Jalil, A. R., Tarakka, R., & Wardi. (2015). Pemberdayaan masyarakat dengan pemanfaatan sumber energi terbarukan pada tambak udang (Community empowerment through application of renewable energi sources in the shrimp pond ). Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(2), 136–141.

Kementerian ESDM. (2021). Capaian Kinerja 2020 & Program 2021. Capaian Kinerja 2020 & Program 2021, 1–36. https://www.esdm.go.id/assets/media/content/content-capaian-kinerja-tahun-2020-dan-program-kerja-tahun-2021-sektor-esdm.pdf

Kristiansen, S., Budiman, A., & Pudyatmoko, S. (2021). Ecosystem Guardians, or Threats? Livelihood Security and Nature Conservation in Maluku, Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 0, 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/00074918.2021.1932744

Kumar, B. S., & Sudhakar, K. (n.d.). Performance evaluation of 10 MW grid connected solar photovoltaic power plant in India. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352484715000311

Labed, S., & Lorenzo, E. (2004). The impact of solar radiation variability and data discrepancies on the design of PV systems. Renewable Energi, 29(7), 1007–1022.

Lumbangaol, P. H. (n.d.). ENERGI TERBARUKAN UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN DI INDONESIA.

Määttä, S. (2021). Rethinking collaborative action and citizen empowerment: Characterising a Whole-of-Society approach to the energi transition. Energi Research & Social Science, 81, 102277. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ERSS.2021.102277

Miles, & Huberman. (1994). Qualitative Data Analisys. Saga Publication.

Nadzifah, U. (2020). Welfare Pluralism sebagai Metode Pemberdayaan di Dusun Gamol. Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat: Media Pemikiran Dan Dakwah Pembangunan, 4(1), 125–152. https://doi.org/10.14421/JPM.2020.041-06

Officer. (2020). DATA PEMANFAATAN PLTMH PROGRAM KAMPUNG SENTRA ENERGI TERBARUKAN UNTUK MASYARAKAT PT. PJB UP PAITON.

Officer. (2021). Kajian Inovasi dan SROI Program Kemanfaatan PLTMH untuk Pembangunan Kopi (Hulu-Hilir) Desa Andungbiru.

Shahid Hussain, Wang Xuetong Rashid Maqbool, Mustansar Hussaina, & Muhammad Shahnawaz. (2022). The influence of government support, organizational innovativeness and community participation in renewable energi project success: A case of Pakistan. Energi, 239, 122172. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENERGI.2021.122172

Song, A. M., Temby, O., Kim, D., Saavedra Cisneros, A., & Hickey, G. M. (2019). Measuring, mapping and quantifying the effects of trust and informal communication on transboundary collaboration in the Great Lakes fisheries policy network. Global Environmental Change, 54, 6–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.11.001

Sugiyono, A. (2011). PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN DESA MANDIRI ENERGI DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN.

Suharyati, Pambudi, S. H., Wibowo, J. L., & Pratiwi, N. I. (2019). Indonesia Energi Out Look 2019. In https://www.esdm.go.id/. https://www.esdm.go.id/assets/media/content/content-outlook-energi-indonesia-2019-bahasa-indonesia.pdf

Sukmana, O. (2017). Konsep dan Desain Negara Kesejahteraan (Welfare State). JURNAL SOSIAL POLITIK, 2(1), 103. https://doi.org/10.22219/sospol.v2i1.4759

Syahputra, R., & Soesanti, I. (2020). Planning of hybrid micro-hydro and solar photovoltaic systems for rural areas of central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/5972342

Syahputra, R., & Soesanti, I. (2021). Renewable energi systems based on micro-hydro and solar photovoltaic for rural areas: A case study in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Energi Reports, 7, 472–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.EGYR.2021.01.015

Utomo, T. (2022). DRAFT LAPORAN AKHIR PROGRAM CSR PT PJB UNIT PEMBANGKIT PAITON.

Vargas, C. F., Campos, A. D., & Arroyo, C. P. (2021). Sustainable tourism policies in Peru and their link with renewable energi: analysis in the main museums of the Moche route. Heliyon, e08188. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.HELIYON.2021.E08188

Yusuf, I. F. (2016). PERAN PEMUDA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN EDUWISATA ENERGI TERBARUKAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP KETAHANAN EKONOMI WILAYAH (Studi di Desa Poncosari Kecamatan Srandakan Kabupaten Bantul Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta). Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional, 22(3), 285. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.16010

Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Rahadiyand Aditya, Sulistyary Ardiyantika, Abdul Aziz, & Anisul Fuad. (2022). Strategi Pengembangan Energi Terbarukan: Keterlibatan Stakeholder dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat. Peksos: Jurnal Ilmiah Pekerjaan Sosial, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.31595/peksos.v21i2.723

Issue

Section

Peksos